Hossein Dabbagh completed his doctorate in moral philosophy at the University of Reading and the University of Oxford. He is a holder of UK Exceptional Talent Endorsement from the British Academy and is currently working as a philosophy tutor at the University of Oxford’s Department for Continuing Education and the University of Cambridge’s Institute of Continuing Education. He is also Adjunct Lecturer at the Institute for Cognitive Science Studies and Consultant Research Assistant at the Institute of Ismaili Studies on Muslim Biomedical Ethics.
Post-Revolutionary Iranian Styles of Islamic Reformism
I will elaborate on two reform paradigms—namely “revivificationist” and “reconstructivist”—and examine each in post-Islamic revolution Iran. Following Ghazali, revivificationists believe that Islamic reformism should merely rely on the idea of revival (iḥyāʾ). In this paradigm, sharīʿa should be revived, reinterpreted and refined incrementally with reference to sources of Islamic law. However, following Muhammad Iqbal, reconstructivists argue that our understanding of sharīʿa needs to be re-constructed. Modern philosophy is the resource upon which they draw to reconstruct sharīʿa. Through reconstructing the edifice of sharīʿa in the light of ethical principles, they believe, sharīʿa laws and ethical principles must reflectively come into equilibrium.