Baptiste BrodardUniversity of Fribourg, Switzerland
Baptiste Brodard is a PhD researcher in Social Sciences and Islamic Studies at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. His thesis focuses on Islamic social work, which refers to welfare social services provided by grassroots faith-based organizations in Western Europe. Based on his social work experience and his numerous trips around the world, he has conducted research studies on subjects related to religion, social issues and education. He has published several articles on Muslim communities and social challenges.
Islamic Reformist Thought in Western Europe: Zakat for Non-Muslims as an Illustration
Islamic reformism is an increasingly popular concept in Europe. However, it refers to distinct currents of thought. I propose to explore a particular current of Islamic reformism that is distinct from historical-critical approaches. While acknowledging the sacredness of the Koran, which remains its preponderant reference, this reformist current proposes a critical re-reading of Islamic legal norms (fiqh) and ahadith. The question of Zakât given to non-Muslims in France, Germany and Switzerland will be explored to illustrate the potential applications of this reformist thought.